A shocking medical breakthrough has gotten the attention of the world. Scientists strongly believe that a patient being treated for HIV infection may have been cured through the use of adult stem cells. Timothy Ray Brown, a man known as "the Berlin Patient," received an adult stem cell transplant for a case of leukemia he'd developed. But after extensive testing, doctors claim that his HIV has been cured. The results of the study were reported in the journal "Blood." The transplant took place in 2007.
After seeing the success of Brown's case, doctors are confident that they can possibly construct a cure for HIV by using genetically-engineered stem cells. In addition to the Brown case, doctors also found that healthy patients who take antiretrovirals, which are typically prescribed to HIV patients, can reduce their chances of infection by 73 percent.